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Four-toed Salamander   

Hemidactylium scutatum

Commonly Confused Native Species:


  • Often Not Confused with other Species



Size:                  A small sized salamander measuring 1.7 to 3.3 inches

                           in length, with four toes on each hind foot and a tail that

                           is noticeably constricted at the base and cylindrical in



Color:                The dorsum is rusty brown in color. The venter is pure

                           white with small black spots or blotches.  This is the only

                           Connecticut salamander with black spots or blotches on

                           its venter.             


Behavior:         Coils with its head safely tucked below its tail when

                           threatened.  Occasionally will produce noxious

                           secretions.  Often remains still, relying on its camouflage

                           for protection. 


Habitat:             Wetlands and associate uplands, especially red maple

                           wetlands with sphagnum moss.            


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