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Jefferson Salamander Complex   

Ambystoma jeffersonianum Complex

State Listing: Special Concern

Commonly Confused Native Species:




Size:                   A  long and slender salamander measuring 5 to 6.5

                            inches in length with a wide snout, long toes, elongated

                            limbs and laterally flattened tail.


Color:                 The dorsum is brownish-gray to dark brown in coloration

                            with blue/silver flecking or foxing on the legs and sides

                            of body.       


Behavior:          When faced with predation adults raise and lash their

                            tails while releasing toxic secretions as a predatory

                            defense.   Jefferson salamanders can be seen during

                            the early spring on rainy nights migrating to breeding



Habitat:             Jefferson salamanders are found in deciduous forest

                            west of the Connecticut river.  Vernal pools are used for

                            egg deposition and larval development. 


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