Jefferson Salamander Complex
Ambystoma jeffersonianum Complex
State Listing: Special Concern
Commonly Confused Native Species:
Size: A long and slender salamander measuring 5 to 6.5
inches in length with a wide snout, long toes, elongated
limbs and laterally flattened tail.
Color: The dorsum is brownish-gray to dark brown in coloration
with blue/silver flecking or foxing on the legs and sides
Behavior: When faced with predation adults raise and lash their
tails while releasing toxic secretions as a predatory
defense. Jefferson salamanders can be seen during
the early spring on rainy nights migrating to breeding
Habitat: Jefferson salamanders are found in deciduous forest
west of the Connecticut river. Vernal pools are used for
egg deposition and larval development.